Yang Liming

Yang Liming, also known as Li-Ming Yang, was a Chinese theoretical physicist and professor at Peking University. A doctoral student of the Nobel laureate Max Born, he made contributions to the research of nuclear shell structure, many-body theory, and the interacting boson model. He was elected an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991, together with his wife, computer scientist Xia Peisu.
Yang was born on 5 February 1919 in Lishui County, Jiangsu, Republic of China. When he was in high school, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out and Lishui was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army. Yang became a war refugee and fled across China, finally arriving in Sichuan half a year later. In Sichuan, he completed his secondary education at National No. 2 High School of Hechuan and entered National Central University, then exiled in Chongqing, in 1938. After graduating four years later with a degree in mechanics, he worked at Central Mechanics Factory in Kunming for a year, before returning to National Central University as an assistant professor.
In 1944, Yang passed the government examination for study abroad, and was sent to the United Kingdom in 1945, where he worked and trained at Renold Works. In 1946, Max Born accepted him as a graduate student at the University of Edinburgh. Yang earned his Ph.D. in theoretical physics in just two years, and continued to conduct postdoctoral research under Born afterwards. He published six papers in the field, including "Nuclear Shell Structure and Nuclear Density" which explains the recently discovered magic numbers for nucleons.